The Nazis arrived for the final deportation on April 19th 1943 and the whole Ghetto rebelled. Betar's Z.Z.W. had recognized the command of Anielewicz, creating a truly united force. Fighting lasted 24 days and the Nazis treated it as a full-scale battle. The Jews, of course, had no chance of military victory, but that was irrelevant.

Jewish casualties during the revolt were about 5,000, whilst the Nazis suffered between 20-100 dead, depending on the sources. The remaining 50,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka, but there are reports of sporadic fighting in the Ghetto having persisted until September.

Anielewicz and the leadership were hold up in a bunker on Mila Street – about 100 people in all. The Nazis pushed poison gas down into the Bunker to kill or flush them out. A few escaped, or were caught and survived the war to tell their story.

News of the uprising spread across Europe and helped encourage other, smaller scale revolts. The Warsaw Ghetto Revolt has proved an extraordinary example of what Jewish youth were capable in the face of calamity.






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13 Sep 2005 / 9 Elul 5765 0