1. Succot lasts seven days. (Eight in the Diaspora.)
The eight day, called Shemini Atzeret , is an independent festival in its own right.

2. The command to be happy on Succot is mentioned three times:

And you shall rejoice before G-D…
Leviticus 23:4 0
And you shall rejoice on your festival.
Deuteronomy 16:14
And you shall just rej oice.
Deuteronomy 16:15

3. The Mitzvot connected with the Festival are:

  • Living in the succah (shelter);
  • The arba'ah minim (four species) - the lulav or palm branch, etrog or citron, hadass or myrtle, and aravah or willow;
  • The beating of the aravot (an independent ceremony with willow branches);
  • Korbanot - General Festival sacrifices (two types);
  • water libation;
  • Simchat Beit HaShoevah celebration relating to water;
  • Hallel.

4. Succot is the third festival in the order of the Sheloshah Regalim or Pilgrim Festivals (Pesach, Shavuot, Succot).

5. The Ushpizin: Abraham; Isaac; Jacob; Joseph; Moses; Aaron; David.

6. The Structure of the Festival:


1 First day of Chag/Yom Tov First day of Chag/Yom Tov
2 Second day of Chag/Yom Tov Five days Chol Hamo'ed
3-6 Four days Chol Hamo'ed
7 Hoshanah Rabbah
(5th day Chol Hamo'ed)
Hoshanah Rabbah
(6th day Chol Hamo'ed)
8 Shemini Atzeret Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah
9 Simchat Torah (Not celebrated)

7. Water libation and Simchat Bet HaSho'evah :
Whoever has not seen the celebration (rejoicing) of the Bet Hashoevah has never seen rejoicing in his life!
Mishnah Succah 5:1

8. The Hoshanot each day, and the celebration of Hoshanah Rabbah.





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02 Jan 2006 / 2 Tevet 5766 0