1. The Month of Ellul

(a) Month of mercy and forgiveness.
(b) The Selichot prayers.
(c) Psalm 27.
(d) Moses's ascent to receive the second tablets (Commandments) on Mount Sinai.
(e) Blowing the Shofar each day at the end of the morning service.
(f) Creation of the world in Ellul.
(g) No blessing said for the month of Tishrei.
(h) First of Ellul, New Year for tithes of animal and vegetables.
(i) Nehemiah completed rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem.

2. Rosh Hashanah (New Year)

(a) The world is judged in four sections.
(b) Judgement Day.
(c) The Shofar.
(d) Names of Festival: New Year; Judgement Day; Remembrance Day; Day of Blowing the Shofar; kesseh.
(e) A two day festival (only one is mentioned in the Torah).
(f) The Akedah - Binding of Isaac - and the virtues of the Patriarchs.
(g) The order of service.
(h) Special foods eaten.
(i) Tashlikh.
(j) Events that occurred on Rosh Hashanah.

3. Asseret Yemei HaTeshuvah - Ten Days of Repentance

(a) Tzom (Fast of) Gedaliah (3rd of Tishrei).
(b) The Days of Repentance between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.
(c) 'Seek G-d when he is available, call on him when he is near'.
(d) Selihot prayers.
(e) Variations in the daily prayers, and Psalm 130.
(f) The bases of repentance: regret, confession and abandoning a sin.
(g) Shabbat Shuvah - the Sabbath of return.

4. Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)

(a) Laws and customs of erev (the eve of) Yom Kippur.
(b) 'Shabbat shabbaton' - the ultimate Sabbath.
(c) Five forms of self-infliction.
(d) 'For on this day shall you be pardoned and forgiven'.
(e) Yom Zikaron - Day of Remembrance of forgiveness.
(f) The day does not atone for wrongdoing to someone else, until the person wronged forgives.
(g) Seder Ha'avodah - the special Temple service.
(h) The obligation to confess wrongdoings.
(i) The five services of Yom Kippur.
(j) After the fast.

5. Succot

(a) Seven day festival. (The eighth day is a separate festival).
(b) The duty to enjoy the festival (particular to Succot).
(c) Laws applying to the festival (Succah, Lulav, etc.)
(d) Third of the Regalim - Pilgrim Festivals; third festival from the Creation.
(e) Ushpizzin (guests of honour in the Succah).
(f) Structure of the Festival.

Day Diaspora Israel
1 Yom Tov Yom Tov
2 Yom Tov Hol Hamoed
3 Hol Hamoed Hol Hamoed
4 Hol Hamoed Hol Hamoed
5 Hol Hamoed Hol Hamoed
6 Hol Hamoed Hol Hamoed
7 Hoshana Rabbah Hoshana Rabbah


6. Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah

(a) Atzeret on the eighth day.
(b) An independent festival.
(c) General prayer for rain. (Prayer for immediate rain on the 7th of Heshvan.)
(d) Simchat Torah - Torah reading cycle completed and re-started.
(e) Hatan Torah and Hatan Bereishit.
(f) Hakafot.
(g) Shemini Atzeret on the 22nd and Simchat Torah on the 23rd of Tishrei. In Israel, both days combined into one, on the 22nd of Tishrei.






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02 Jan 2006 / 2 Tevet 5766 0